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General Information

History of China

 

China is one of the oldest and greatest continuous civilizations in the world's history. China was born approximately 4,000 years ago and despite of suffer a lot of social, political and cultural changes, conserves many of their ancient traditions until this time. 

The first relic of the Chinese language is marked in a Turtle shell which dates to around 1500 BC from the legendary Shang Dynasty. Chinese civilization began with some city-states those were built and flourished in the fertile valleys of The Yellow River for hundreds of years. Presumably in 221 BC, China became integrated as a big kingdom under the control of the first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang. Successive dynasties ruled progressively larger parts of what is now China. These dynasties developed a government system that allowed the Emperor to have power over the great territory, but with the advice of counselors who were educated men, employed to serve as regime officials based on their skills rather than their family background. 

Chinese people had developed by itself their own regional culture, until the European expansion in Asia in the 16th century changed the Chinese history. In the 19th century China had to deal with militarily stronger European powers. In 1911 the dynastic imperialist regime ended tragically and it was the start of decades of civil war. 

In 1949 the Chinese Communist Party with its leader Mao Zedong, won the civil war and established China’s present government. The Communists initiated several social and political reforms. Since 1970s, Chinese Government have reintroduced aspects of a free-market economy and encouraged foreign investment. These significant changes are transforming to China in the first economical power in the world. Chinese history is summarized as a country alternating between periods of political unity and disunity and sometimes subjugated by foreign nations, most of whom were incorporated into the Han Chinese people. The immigration, expansion, and assimilation that has occurred China's land in its whole history, have been merging to create the magnificent Chinese culture. 

Besides them, there were also thousands of heros in China history who were remembered by modern Chinese. They are like a shining stars that living in all the heart of Chinese.It is their great contributions that made China today attractive and lovely.5000 years have passed. The Chinese nation and society are welcoming much development in the 21st century. With the combined efforts of 1.3 billion people, China will enter a new phase in the 21st century and create a miracle for its people and the world. 

 

 


When to go China?

 

The climate of China is very is particularly diverse, from sub arctic in the North to tropical in the South. There is a large range of terrains that include mountains, deserts, and plateaus in the east; while in the west can be found plains, large rivers and hills. In Tibet, lies Mount Everest, at 8,848 m. Turpan depression is the second lowest point on land in the world. 

Precipitation in China is regular every year. The rainy seasons are principally May to September and in general the south of the mainland has more rainfall than the north including some monsoons from the western Pacific Ocean or the equatorial Indian Ocean. Sometimes the heavy rains in the coastal central and south of China have caused flooding in the cities near to the rivers and have destroyed a high number of crops. Conversely, the northwest is a region of low rainfall and drought-prone. 

In general, the best time to travel to the north of China is early spring and late autumn, especially between March to April and October to September. In the south, November to February is a good time, despite of the humidity. Central China is warm in summer but very cold in winter. The west is even colder but the humidity is lowest because of its distance of the sea. 

Choosing the best time to visit China depends on which place you wish to visit and what type of weather you enjoy. May, September and October are the peak tourist months at China's most popular destinations when the weather is most comfortable, but prices are higher, and everywhere is more crowded. Prices drop a bit in the shoulder season, which runs from late March through April and from June through August. The low season arrives in late November, and continues through the winter when there are fewer crowds and the prices are lower. 

 

 

 



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